There are lots and lots of things that you can do with Python. Among them, major ones are:
Currently, Data analysis is one of the hottest topic in IT industry and probably the highest paying. It can be done effectively with Python. Competing with previously established R for data analysis it has successfully formed its grip in the market and is relatively easy for one who has basic knowledge of programming.
Python modules used in Data Analysis are:
-Numpy and Matplotlib.
2. Web Crawler
With Data analysis currently trending in market, you can implement your own web crawler with Python to extract data directly from websites.
BeautifulSoup and Scrapy are its most popular module for Web Crawling.
Django is the most popular module used for web development with Python. Though there are many other modules which are doing the same. Flask, Web2py, Pylons, Zope2, Giotto, CubicWeb are used for web development with Python.
Similar to Data Analysis, Python is now widely used for machine learning and artificial neural network. Using some of the knowledge from Data science and Stats, you can easily build your own algorithm for machine learning.
Sklearn is the module used for machine learning.
Python can be used to make game bots manually. Pygame is a perfect solution. You can do some really amazing stuff in Python.
Build your own plugin for MOZILLA and Sublime Text and publish them on the official market via Python.
Python has same socket module as that in java but with more power and more ease of use. Protocols like HTTP,SMTP ETC can be easily implemented in Python.
You can code raspberry pi in python as well as it can be used to implement logics in Robot Technology.
Apart from all this, there are lots and lots of things that can be implemented with the help of Python. Python comes with some advanced build in modules as well as constant developing third party modules which give its user enormous power. Since its birth, it has become a major part of Industry and is powering so much resources that one can’t even imagine. Almost all the major technology that we use today is directly or indirectly powered by Python.